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New Pre-Ordeal Ceremony

In the summer of 1974 through the spring of 1975, Jay Dunbar, the author of the Spirit of the Arrow show at the 1971 NOAC (and Deputy National Conference Chief for Training for that conference), developed the ideas and text which later became both the pre-Ordeal Ceremony (introduced at the 1977 NOAC and formally approved at the 1979 NOAC), and The Drum – a training aid for ceremony teams.

Elangomat Program Tested

On an unusually cold Friday night, December 12th 1969, deep in the heart of the Central Florida Council’s camp La-No-Che, Eddie Simmons of Tipisa Lodge became the Order of the Arrow’s first “Elangomat” (friend). Eddie ate scant food, kept the pledge of silence, slept alone, engaged in cheerful-service work projects, and provided a powerful example of what it means to be both a “brother” and example “Arrowman” to younger Scouts.

William Hartman

Bill Hartman was the creator of the Elangomat Clan System, the author of the Manual for the Ordeal, and the founder and advisor to the CIA (Ceremonial Improvement Association, a Florida-based, pre-Ceremonial Advisory Group, organization which was merged into the Ceremonial Advisory Group (CAG) in 1973.

Spirit of the Arrow Booklets

The first Spirit of the Arrow booklets were made available for sale by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (M.I.T.) Alpha Phi Omega (APO) – a group that later became the Ceremonial Advisory Group (CAG).

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