The 39th President of the United States was a former peanut farmer and naval officer from Plains, Georgia. Jimmy Carter’s presidency was riddled with inflation, recession, and an energy crisis all inherited from the Nixon / Ford Administrations.
The American Bicentennial celebration in 1976 provided a focus for America to remember its history and celebrate its achievements, and the Boy Scouts used this historic event to promote Scouting’s values and contributions to American history. “Boypower ’76” was introduced in 1968, and through this National initiative, programs were introduced to Scout troops that allowed Scouts to earn special patches with Bicentennial emphasis as early as 1973.
In the early years of the Order it was common for regalia for ceremonies and dance competitions to be made with feathers and/or body parts from birds of prey including bald eagles, golden eagles, hawks, owls, songbirds and migratory birds. Government regulations greatly limited this practice making it illegal to possess these items under most circumstances. It also was made illegal to even trade or sell such items. Nonetheless there existed a thriving black market in the country for these items that unfortunately was driven primarily by Arrowmen obsessed with authenticity and the extraordinary beauty of the feathers.
By 1969, the Vietnam War seemed endless to Americans, and the United States slowly began to withdraw troops. In January 1973, a cease-fire was arranged and the last U.S. ground troops left Vietnam two months later.
Following the resignation of Richard Nixon, Eagle Scout Gerald Ford became the 38th President of the United States of America. Although not an Arrowman (the OA was not offered in Grand Rapids during his youth) Gerald Ford was named a Distinguished Eagle Scout in 1970.
The fundamental values of both the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) and the Order of the Arrow (OA) have continued to grow and prosper over the years due in large part to certain individuals whose personal involvement and commitment have greatly enhanced these programs. Donald C. “Don” Thom (rhymes with “dome”) is certainly one of these individuals.
Since its earliest beginnings, the Order of the Arrow (OA) has enjoyed an almost spiritual relationship with the histories and traditions of Native American peoples. This kindred spirit is evident in the OA’s ceremonies, its symbols, and even in its name. By borrowing so much in the way of culture and crafts from the American Indian, the Order has accepted an obligation to maintain the highest standards of authenticity. Yet, with all of the interaction between the OA and that of Native Americans, there were those individuals who recognized a need for an informative program that furthered the understanding and awareness of the American Indian culture. This need gave rise to a pilot program known as the ‘National Indian Seminar’.
Jay Dunbar is the author of the current pre-Ordeal Ceremony. Realizing that the four ceremonial officials are equally necessary to form a circle, he coined the term “principals” and gave each an equal part, basing the text on the 1948 revision and adding the Investing. He is the creator of The Brotherhood Hike, and the author (as Tischitanissohen, his Vigil Honor name) of The Drum: a training aid for ceremonial teams. With Ray Petit, he co-authored the original Eleven Cardinal Principles of the Induction (now the Ten Induction Principles), and the Spirit of the Arrow Show, which introduced Spirit of the Arrow to the nation at the 1971 NOAC.